To do this, trainers must be aware of Ohio’s demographic trends to better prepare caseworkers and supervisors to meet the unique needs of all the children and families in their communities.
The latest census information confirms that the United States is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. It is projected that by the year 2050 there will no longer be a single racial/ethnic group in this country that is more than 50% of the population (RAND Policy Brief – RB-5050). Ohio reflects this demographic trend as our racial and ethnic groups are projected to show the most significant increases in population during the coming years (Ohio Trends Newsletter, 2000). These changes bring challenges to a child welfare system responsible for addressing the needs of families and children.
The OCWTP demographic maps were created to provide the OCWTP a better understanding of Ohio’s diversity throughout the OCWTP's eight regions of the state. The information will be used to develop training that addresses the specific needs of diverse populations. The intention is that this information will be integrated into not only culturally specific training, but into all OCWTP training.
A Note about the Maps:
While the OCWTP affirms the diversity and cultural identity of all populations represented throughout Ohio, the populations actually depicted on the maps were limited to the following: (a) those populations whose numerical indexes (actual or estimated) could be verified by an accessible and reliable data source, and (b) those populations for whom concentrations of their members could be pinpointed to a specific geographic region or regions.
It is important to note that the demographic maps are at an early stage of development and remain a work in progress, based on the available data. More populations will be added to the maps (and the currently-depicted populations adjusted or reconfigured) as additional or updated data become available. If you know of a reliable source of such data, please contact Leslie Ahmadi (Cultural Competence Task Force, The Institute for Human Services - IHS) by telephone (614.251.6000, ext. 25) or email Leslie Ahmadi.
The demographic maps can be downloaded by visiting the OCWTP Trainer account online on IBackup. OCWTP trainers should have already received IBackup login instructions through the OCWTP Active Trainer Listserv. If you did not receive the Listserv instructions, or are having trouble accessing the IBackup account, please contact Leslie Ahmadi at IHS by calling 614.251.6000 or emailing Leslie Ahmadi.
Once logged into IBackup, you will see a folder labeled "Diversity Maps" which contains nine subfolders of maps--one for each of the eight OCWTP training regions, and one statewide folder. The regions with the largest cities in Ohio also include maps of those cities in their folders.
The maps included in each regional folder are as follows:
- Foreign Born
- African American
The maps included for each major Ohio metro city (Toledo, Cleveland, Dayton, Columbus, Cincinnati) are as follows:
- Foreign Born
- Foreign Born (piecharts)
- Race (piecharts)
The maps included in the statewide folder are as follows:
- OCWTP Regional Training Centers
- Appalachian Population
- Foreign Born by Region
- Regional Population Diversity
- Religious Congregations
- Amish Population
- Foreign Born Population
- Refugees/Asylees (piecharts)
- Religious Membership
Glossary of Terms Used in Maps:
Asylee - An individual who comes to the U.S. seeking protection. They would seek protection for the same reasons as a refugee, listed below (Marsh, et al., 2005).
Foreign-born Population - People who are not U.S. citizens at birth (Census 2000).
Hispanic or Latino Origin - People who identify with the terms "Hispanic" or "Latino" are those who classify themselves in one of the specific Hispanic or Latino categories listed on the Census 2000 or ACS questionnaire - "Mexican," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban" - as well as those who indicate they are "other Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino." Origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race (Census 2000).
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Race and Ethnic Categories - Self-identification among people of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander descent. These are the 12 detailed Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander race and ethnic categories used in displaying data from Census 2000:
- Other Polynesian
- Guanamanian or Chamorro
- Other Micronesian
- Other Pacific Isalnder
Oceania - The islands of the southern, western, and central Pacific Ocean, including Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. The term is sometimes extended to encompass Australia, New Zealand, and the Malay Archipelago. (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Retrieved May 08, 2007, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Oceania
Refugee - an individual who is unable to return to her/his own country of origin due to fear of persecution due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. Refugee status is granted before resettlement in the U.S. (Marsh, et al., 2005).